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Doubt in Automation testing(QTP)

If there are two same buttons in a page, then they will have different ids. Depending on the ids, automation tool identifies that button. Please any body, let me know, if this is wrong

the above said is true ... if not id ,tool identifies using ORDINAL IDENTIFIER (index) PROPERTY only if its:) enabled... {index if web application : location if window application}
Understanding the Smart Identification Process

If QuickTest activates the Smart Identification mechanism during a run session (because it was unable to identify an object based on its learned description), it follows the following process to identify the object:

1. QuickTest "forgets" the learned test object description and creates a new object candidate list containing the objects (within the object's parent object) that match all of the properties defined in the Base Filter Properties list.

2. QuickTest filters out any object in the object candidate list that does not match the first property listed in the Optional Filter Properties list. The remaining objects become the new object candidate list.

3. QuickTest evaluates the new object candidate list:

o If the new object candidate list still has more than one object, QuickTest uses the new (smaller) object candidate list to repeat step 2 for the next optional filter property in the list.

o If the new object candidate list is empty, QuickTest ignores this optional filter property, returns to the previous object candidate list, and repeats step 2 for the next optional filter property in the list.

o If the object candidate list contains exactly one object, then QuickTest concludes that it has identified the object and performs the statement containing the object.

4. QuickTest continues the process described in steps 2 and 3 until it either identifies one object, or runs out of optional filter properties to use.

If, after completing the Smart Identification elimination process, QuickTest still cannot identify the object, then QuickTest uses the learned description plus the ordinal identifier to identify the object.

If the combined learned description and ordinal identifier are not sufficient to identify the object, then QuickTest stops the run session and displays a Run Error message.

Reviewing Smart Identification Information in the Test Results

If the learned description does not enable QuickTest to identify a specified object in a step, and a Smart Identification definition is defined (and enabled) for the object, then QuickTest tries to identify the object using the Smart Identification mechanism.

If QuickTest successfully uses Smart Identification to find an object after no object matches the learned description, the Test Results receive a warning status and indicate that the Smart Identification mechanism was used.

If the Smart Identification mechanism cannot successfully identify the object, QuickTest uses the learned description plus the ordinal identifier to identify the object. If the object is still not identified, the test or component fails and a normal failed step is displayed in the results.
while recording qtp stores the references or physical description of the objects in object repository. to identify the objects uniquely.
first it will go for the mandatory propertis. if it is not sufficient to identify the objects then it will go for assistive property if again assistive property is not enough to identify the object uniquely then it will go for ordinal identifier (which contains location and index value of the object) ordinal identifier alone can identify the objects but it takes more memo
ordinal identifier can identify uniquely any object but it take more memory space.so we can enable smart identification to identify any object uniquely smart identification contain two filter properties
Base filter property
and optional filter property.
basic/main property of the object should be invoked in base filter propery.
If it is not sufficient to uniquely identify the object then it will go for the optional filter property which follows the linear algorithm to identify the object .
Automation is powerful, but not enough for a better product. Manual intervention is still important. However, automation allows test teams to focus on new functionality, non-automated functions, maintenance needs and test data needs, thereby enhancing and ensuring quality. This offers increased customer satisfaction and enhances the customer’s trust in the product as well as the capabilities of the company.